Irenology is a relatively young science that started his academic walking after the conclusion of World War I and it is considered to be an essential pillar of the theory budding science of meditation.
Irenology is recognized as an inter- and multidisciplinary science that led to highlight the conditions for a stable and lasting peace.
From the research conducted by Galtung (Lederach, 2000) about violence, it was concluded that violence is present when humans are influenced so that their acts or their affective, somatic and mental realizations are below potential realizations. So violence is the cause of the difference between the potential and the actual or effective. From Adela Cortina (Fisas, 1998), there are three basic forms of violence:
• Expressive violence: The chasing harm
• Instrumental Violence: Is used in order to get something.
• Communicative Violence: Is used as a last resort and for the
purpose of conveying a message
One objective of the culture of peace is to develop means of nonviolent action that allow to solve conflicts peacefully and try to replace the instrumental violence, i.e. the use of violence as a last and irrational resort.
Galtung (Rozemblum Horowitz, 2007) seeks how to address the conflict with ideas and actions, so that whenever it arises, can be channeled towards a solution that does not cause violence; and that is only possible by peaceful means.
For example mediation. The contributions of Irenology or peace research, provide peace constituent structure which could gravitate around the personal selfconsistent in achieving the basic components of a human life: enough food, proper and decent housing, medical care, peaceful community relations, not exploitative labor, elementary education (Led- erach, 2000).
Undoubtedly, peace research has become an important factor in the consolidation of a positive outlook for peace maker; perspective that gives dynamism and elements that allow assimilation and internalization, and recognizes the empowerment of citizens in the peaceful transformation of conflicts.
The positive conception of peace has allowed its assimilation and learning through education, promoting full respect for human rights, including values such as solidarity, tolerance, dialogue, fairness, collaboration and cooperation entered other, three major socializing Science of mediation
The Irenology School enjoys high social prestige and captures most of the spotlight, is the mid-twentieth century when this disci- pline was born in the United States of America with the emergence of the Journal of Conflict Resolution and the creation of the Center for Research on Conflict Resolution. But it is in Europe where peace Science of mediation research, comes to develop proposals and studies of great importance and recognition.